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七个表达精准的学术写作词汇,让语意加倍清楚清楚明了

2017 / 12 / 15

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1. Craft
解释:(动词)精细或细心地创造或制造某个物品
可用来代替:make、produce、write
当您欲表达或人produce a speech或write a story时,也能够改用craft这个单词。

例句:
The speaker crafts his lecture by including a myriad of allusions to other salient speeches.

She crafted a strategy to boost the company’s earnings.

2. Substantiate
解释:(动词)供给证据以证明或支撑
可用来代替:prove
撰写分析研究的时辰,您很能够会应用substantiate来证明某件事。

例句:
He substantiated his claim to local mountaineering fame with a photo of himself on the summit of Mt. Everest.

3. Caustic
解释:(描述词)对无机组织具化学腐化性的
可用来代替:mean、harsh
如欲陈述或人的腔调非常挑衅、讽刺、在理,可以应用caustic这个精确的单词。

例句:
It was Schuyler’s gift for satire and his caustic wit that distinguished his writings and led to his nickname, the Black Mencken.—Henry Louis Gates, Jr., New York Times Book Review, 20 Sept. 1992

4. Elucidate
解释:(动词)解释
可用来代替:explain

例句:
While writing, you’ll be doing some elucidating often complex ideas.

When asked for details, he declined to elucidate further.

5. Esoteric
解释:(描述词)此字意指仅被某一小群专业知识人士所懂得的或感兴趣的
可用来代替:obscure
普通来讲,esoteric这个字很少被用到,是以未必能完全代替某个单词,但它确切能夠精准表达某些难以解释的事物。

例句:
… he listens to a group of Malaysians playing reedy, plangent music on some esoteric kind of wind instrument. —Penelope Lively, City of the Mind, 1991

6. Tenuous
解释:(描述词)纤细的;脆弱有力的
可用来代替:weak、fragile

例句:
The authors follow researchers as they use the slimmest leads and the most tenuous connections to track the genes for Huntington’s disease, muscular dystrophy, schizophrenia and a host of other physical and mental miseries. —Natalie Angier, New York Times Book Review, 12 Aug. 1990

7. Perfunctory
解释:(描述词)敷衍的;忽略的。
可用来代替:hasty、careless。
我知道您固然在写作上从未忽略过,但当您在停止团队作业时,必定曾想过本身的同伴随多敷衍了事,此时便可以用perfunctory这个单词表达。

例句:
You probably don’t want to know how perfunctory was the presentation of the state’s evidence, how tenth-rate was the performance of the court-appointed defense or how wretched was the end. —Christopher Hitchens, Nation, 23-30 Aug. 1999

 

 

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